Online Medieval Sources Bibliography

An Annotated Bibliography of Printed and Online Primary Sources for the Middle Ages

Source Details

Clarke, Adam, ed.; Holbrook, Frederick, ed.; Caley, John, ed., Foedera, conventiones, litterae, et cujuscumque generis acta publica inter reges Angliae, alios quosuis imperatores, reges… (London, Record Commission) Read this source online

Text name(s): 

Number of pages of primary source text: 0


Dates: 1101 - 1654

Archival Reference: 

Original Language(s): 

  • English - Middle English
  • Anglo-Norman
  • Latin


  • Original language included.

Translation Comments: 

Geopolitical Region(s): 

  • Germany
  • France
  • Flanders
  • Europe
  • England
  • British Isles
  • Holy Roman Empire
  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Prussia
  • Scotland
  • Spain
  • Wales


Record Types: 

  • Law - Legislation
  • Charters, Deeds
  • Letter
  • Petition

Subject Headings: 

  • Law - Secular
  • Law - Crime
  • Government
  • Economy - Trade
  • Economy - Crafts and Industry
  • Diplomacy
  • Maritime
  • Nobility / Gentry
  • Papacy
  • Royalty / Monarchs
  • Towns / Cities
  • Travel / Pilgrimage
  • War - Military History


  • Index
  • Introduction


Rymer was appointed editor in 1693 of what was a great national work funded at public expense. There are four editions, of which that by the Record Commission in 1816 is considered the best, although it is incomplete. For a detailed list cross-referenced for each edition of the documents included, see Syllabus of Documents in Rymer’s ‘Foedera’ by T. D. Hardy, 3 vols. (London: HMSO, 1869-85) (also available online at, via recherche libre numbers of : N095994, N096033, and N096034. This massive work contains a wide variety of diplomatic and official documents regarding England’s relations with other countries, rulers, and religious leaders. Many relate to military and naval campaigns, appointment of various officials, piracy, mercantile reprisals, and a whole host of other issues. Extracted from official documents (e.g., close rolls, patent rolls, fine rolls), diplomatic correspondence, treaty rolls, treatises, and charters. Most are in Latin, but many are in Anglo-Norman and, increasingly in Middle English. The Record Commission edition also contains many municipal charters. Covers the period 1101 to Rymer’s period in the 17C. * 1st edition: ed. T. Rymer. 20 vols. London: A. & J. Churchill, 1704-35. vols. 16-20 (1726-35) were edited by Robert Sanderson. Vol. 17 contains an index to the first 17 volumes. Full text available in searchable form through Eighteenth Century Collections Online (Gale Group). * 2nd edition: ed. George Holmes, 17 vols. London: J. Tonson, 1727-9. Full text available in microfiche and in searchable form through Eighteenth Century Collections Online (Gale Group). Vols. 6-8, 10-14, and 16 are available at * 3rd edition: ed. 10 vols. The Hague: Johannem Neulme, 1739-45. Each volume contains four parts. Index is in v. 10, pt. 4. * [4th edition] new edition, ed. Adam Clarke, Frederick Holbrooke and John Caley. 4 vol. in 7. London: George Eyre and Andrew Strahan for the Record Commission, 1816-1869. A portion of v. 4 was printed in 1830 but published separately by order of the master of the rolls in 1869. Considered the best edition, even though it is incomplete since it covers only the period 1066-1383. Available on microfilm from Goldsmiths’-Kress library of economic literature, no. 21390. The French documents only are included on the Anglo-Norman On-Line Hub website, at

Introduction Summary: 

For a description and chronological abstract of all the editions, as well as a cross-referenced index to the location of documents in each edition, see Syllabus of Documents in Rymer’s ‘Foedera’ by T. D. Hardy, 3 vols. (London: HMSO, 1869-85). See also the Introduction printed as pp. 1-xii of vol. I of Foedera (Record Commission, 1816).

Cataloger: MAK