Online Medieval Sources Bibliography

An Annotated Bibliography of Printed and Online Primary Sources for the Middle Ages

Source Details

Riley, Henry Thomas, ed., "Liber custumarum," in Munimenta Gildhallae Londoniensis: Liber albus, Liber custumarum, et Liber Custumarum (Rolls Series, no. 12. 3 vols. in 4)

Text name(s): Liber custumarum

Number of pages of primary source text: 490


Dates: 1300 - 1350

Archival Reference: BL Cotton Ms Claudius D. II (Ff. 1-135, 266-77); London Guildhall.

Original Language(s): 

  • Anglo-Norman
  • Latin


  • Translated into English.
  • Original language included.

Translation Comments: selections are translated

Geopolitical Region(s): 

  • England

County/Region: London

Record Types: 

  • Charters, Deeds
  • Court Roll
  • Custumal
  • Law - Legislation
  • Letter
  • Taxes

Subject Headings: 

  • Diplomacy
  • Economy - Crafts and Industry
  • Economy - Trade
  • Family / Children
  • Government
  • Law - Crime
  • Law - Secular
  • Royalty / Monarchs
  • Towns / Cities


  • Glossary
  • Appendix
  • Introduction


Compilation of civic records, including many city charters, ordinances, and correspondence; royal writs and proclamations; provisions to collect taxes; trade and guild regulations; and records regarding duties of civic officials, city revenues, courts, assizes, disputes with other authorities, and various court cases. Vol. II, Part I contains extracts from the Liber Custumarum. Portions now missing (some found in BL Cottonian Ms Claudius D. II (ff. 1-135, 266-77). Introduction (pp. ix-cxvi); Summary of Contents (cxvii-cxlvii). Text. Vol. II, Part II (1860) continues pagination with text to p 490. English translation of selected passages (pp. 517-623). Appendix I (pp.491-503): List of omitted portions: most are printed in Statutes of the Realm (1810), T. Rymer’s Foedera (1816-25), and Thorpe’s Ancient Laws and Institutes of England (1840). Appendix II: Charter of Wm the Conqueror to London. Appendix III (pp. 505-16): Contents of BL Claudius ms that are in Liber custumarum and Liber Legum Regum ‘Antiquorum’ (pp. 624-92). Glossary of Anglo-Norman, Saxon, and Early English Words (693-780); Glossary of Medieval Latin (781-838); Glossarial Index of Festivals and Dates (841-44); Index 9847-96). See also N. R. Ker, “Liber custumarum and other manuscripts formerly at Guildhall,” Guildhall Miscellany, I, no. 3 (1954): 37-45.

Introduction Summary: 

Cataloger: MAK