Online Medieval Sources Bibliography

An Annotated Bibliography of Printed and Online Primary Sources for the Middle Ages

Source Details

Green, R.P.H., ed., Seven Versions of Carolingian Pastoral (Reading: Dept. of Classics, University of Reading)

Text name(s): Conflictus Veris et Hiemis; Versus de Cuculo; Ad Carolum Regem; Nasonis Libri; Ecloga Duarum Sanctimonialium; Theoduli Ecloga

Number of pages of primary source text: 28


Dates: 790 - 850

Archival Reference: See comments for MS information.

Original Language(s): 

  • Latin


  • Original language included.

Translation Comments: 

Geopolitical Region(s): 

  • Europe


Record Types: 

  • Literature - Verse

Subject Headings: 

  • Classics / Humanism
  • Carolingians


  • Bibliography


“Pastoral” is a poetic mode that uses rustic personages and settings. For the Middle Ages Vergil’s Eclouges were the most important and influential model for such poetry.

This edition includes the Latin texts of the following seven pastoral poems whose authors were associated with the court of Charlemagne and his successors, including the Eclogue of Theodulus , a debate poem between personifications of truth and falsehood that would serve as a popular school text throughout the middle ages.

There is no translation, but each poem has a introduction, bibliography and extensive commentary.

Introduction Summary: 

Each poem is given an introduction (2-5pp.) in which questions of authorship, style, manuscript, historical context, and relation to classical sources are addressed.

Cataloger: JPR