Online Medieval Sources Bibliography

An Annotated Bibliography of Printed and Online Primary Sources for the Middle Ages

Source Details

Miller, Maureen C., ed. and trans., Power and the Holy in the Age of the Investiture Conflict: A Brief History with Documents (The Bedford Series in History and Culture, Boston and New York, Bedford/St. Martin's)

Text name(s): De nugis curialium; De pigneribus sanctorum; The Translation of the Relics; On Consideration; Petri Damiani Vita beati Romualdi

Number of pages of primary source text: 135


Dates: 1040 - 1230

Archival Reference: 

Original Language(s): 

  • Latin


  • Translated into English.

Translation Comments: The editor provides original, simplified translations into Modern English without providing the equivalent to the original text's Latin verbal flourishes.

Geopolitical Region(s): 

  • Europe
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Holy Roman Empire
  • England

County/Region: Rome

Record Types: 

  • Treatise - Instruction/Advice
  • Will
  • Liturgy
  • Chronicle Annals
  • Charters Deeds
  • Law - Canon Law
  • Letter
  • Theology - Doctrine
  • Monastic Rule
  • Treatise - Political
  • Register - Bishop
  • Sermons
  • Papal Bull
  • Biography

Subject Headings: 

  • Theology - Ecclesiology
  • Reform
  • Saints - Cults / Relics
  • Royalty / Monarchs
  • Religion - Institutional Church
  • Political Thought
  • Papacy
  • Monasticism
  • Law - Canon
  • Heresy
  • Government
  • Diplomacy
  • Clergy - Priests Bishops, Canons
  • Clergy - Monks Nuns, Friars
  • War - Chivalry


  • Index
  • Appendix
  • Bibliography
  • Facsimile
  • Introduction


This volume has been created for students and as a teaching aid, particularly for Western Civilization and Medieval History survey courses. As a teaching aid, the volume is replete with eleven discussion questions questions, a timeline titled “A Chronology of the Origins and Consequences of the Investiture Conflict (313-1201),” and a handful of black and white images of the papal bull of 1156 and other documents.
A selected bibliography (176-180) and index (181-189) are also included.

The primary documents in this volume are organized by the following themes and subthemes:

1. Movements for Reform: Responses to the Carolingian Crisis; Monastic Reform, Clerical Celibacy and Simony, Canonical or ‘Free’ Election
2. The Investiture Conflict: the combatants: emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII, The First Confrontation, Canossa, Civil War, Compromise
3. The Consequences of Reform: Lay Engagement with the Faith, the Clergy, Bishops, the Papacy, Sanctity and Just Rulership

Introduction Summary: 

The introduction (1-29) gives historical context of the Investiture Controversy within the broader context of developing notions of power and the holy. The narrative begins in the Roman Empire, then traces both Roman and Christian notions of kingship as they are relevant to the conflict. The author argues that the origins of the controversy are to be found in the breakdown of Carolingian Empire.

Cataloger: SKG