Online Medieval Sources Bibliography

An Annotated Bibliography of Printed and Online Primary Sources for the Middle Ages

Source Details

Whalen, Brett Edward, ed., Pilgrimage in the Middle Ages: A Reader (Ontario; University of Toronto Press Incorporated)

Text name(s): Pausanias' Guide to Greece; The Antiquities of the Jews; The Jewish War; the Bible; Life of Constantine; Helena Augusta; Julian the Apostate; The Pilgrimage of Etheria; The Cult of the Saints; The Life of Melania the Younger; Brevarius de Hierosolyma; Confessions; Liber Pontificalis; Letters; History of the Franks; The Voyage of Saint Brendan; Penitential of Saint Columbus; Penitential of Silense; Penitentials of Sangallense and Merseburg; Letter; General Admonition; Double Edict of Commission; Capitulary of Frankfurt; Programmatic Capitulary, Aachen; The Translation and Miracles of Saints Marcellinus and Peter; Edessene Apocalyptic Fragment; Life of Muhammad; On the Holy Places; Hodoeporicon of Saint Willibald; Benedicti Sancti Andreae Monachi Chronicon; The Monk Bernard's Journey to Jerusalem; Description of Syria, including Palestine; Diary of a Journey through Syria and Palestine; On the Bearing of Saint Junianus' Body to the Council of Charroux; The Five Books of Histories; The Book of Sainte Foy; A Penitent Pilgrim in Irons; Chronicon Ademari Cabennensis; Vita Richardi Abbatis S. Vitoni Vidunensis; Annals of Neider Atlaich; Chronicle of Marianus Scottus; A Canterbury Monk at Constantinople; A History of Deeds Done Beyond the Sea; The Deeds of Franks; Narratio Quomodo Reliquiae Martyris Georgii ad nos Aquicinesis Pervenerunt; Letters of Saint Anselm; Letters of Geoffrey of Vendome; Bohemond at Jerusalem; Bohemond at the Shrine of St. Leonard; The Travels of Saewulf; Pilgrimage of the Russian Abbot Daniel in the Holy Land; the Tomb of the Patriarchs; English History; On the Saints and their Relics; Abbot Suger on the Abbey Church of St. Denis and its Art Treasures; Miracles at the Shrine of Thomas Becket; The Marvels of Rome; Pilgrim's Guide; the Sarum Missal; James the Exempla; Dialogus Miraculorum; De miraculo hostiae a Judeao Prisiis anno domini MCCXC multis ignomiis affectae; Jerusalem pilgrimage 1099-1185; Itinerary; History of Mar Yaballaha III; Rhila; Pilgrimage of Mansa Musa; Narrative of the Embassy of Ruy Gonzalez de Clavijo; Travels and Adventures; jubilee Year; Canterbury Tales; Book of Margery Kempe; Wanderings of Felix Fabri; Pilgrimage of Arnold von Harff; Dialogue Concerning Heresies; Commentary on John; Motolinia's History of the Indians of New Spain

Number of pages of primary source text: 378


Dates: 70 - 1539

Archival Reference: 

Original Language(s): 

  • Spanish - Medieval
  • Persian
  • Latin
  • Hebrew
  • Greek
  • German
  • French - Old French
  • English - Middle English
  • Arabic
  • Anglo-Norman


  • Translated into English.

Translation Comments: Translations into modern English from various translators.

Geopolitical Region(s): 

  • Spain
  • Russia
  • Middle East
  • Italy
  • Iberian Peninsula
  • Holy Roman Empire
  • Greece
  • Germany
  • Europe
  • England
  • Egypt
  • Americas
  • Africa
  • Turkey


Record Types: 

  • Memoir
  • Liturgy
  • Literature - Prose
  • Letter
  • Hagiography
  • Court Roll - Sessions of the Peace
  • Chronicle Annals
  • Biography
  • Theology - Devotional

Subject Headings: 

  • Theology - Christology
  • Saints - Cults / Relics
  • Saints
  • Piety - Mysticism
  • Piety - Lay
  • Piety
  • Papacy
  • Nobility / Gentry
  • Muslims / Islam
  • Monasticism
  • Literature - Devotional
  • Jews / Judaism
  • Economy - Trade
  • Economy - Crafts and Industry
  • Diplomacy
  • Crusades
  • Church Fathers
  • Carolingians
  • Architecture and Buildings
  • Theology - Sacramental
  • Travel / Pilgrimage
  • Women / Gender
  • Maritime


  • Index
  • Introduction


The sixteenth publication in the Readings in Medieval Civilizations and Cultures series from University of Toronto is dedicated to pilgrimage. It contains a wide array of excerpts from sources spanning fifteen centuries. The book is organized chronologically, but highlights consistent themes within the chapters. The chapters are as follows;
(1)The Origins of Christian Pilgrimage
(2)Saints, Travelers, and Sacred Spaces in the Early Medieval West
(3) Jerusalem and the Holy places Under Islamic Rule
(4) Pilgrimage Before and After the Millennium
(5) Pilgrimage and Holy War
(6) Pilgrimage and Medieval Society
(7) Pilgrimage and the Wider World
(8) Pilgrimage and piety in the Late Middle Ages

Sources include letters, hagiographies, chronicles, memoirs, religious polemics, and literature. The sources cover a wide variety of topics related to pilgrimage such as landscape, geography, mystical experience, grace, Christology, Crusades, women, piety, Islam, Judiasim, economics, and obviously, travel.

Introduction Summary: 

The 4 page introduction establishes the themes and reasons for pilgrimage. This reader is limited to Medieval pilgrimage and mainly focuses on Christian pilgrimage in Europe across approximately 15 centuries. The introduction concludes with the chronological lay out of the reader and a brief note on translations.

Cataloger: MF