Online Medieval Sources Bibliography

An Annotated Bibliography of Printed and Online Primary Sources for the Middle Ages

Source Details

Shapiro, Herman, ed., Medieval Philosophy: Selected Readings from Augustine to Buridan (New York: The Modern Library by Random House, Inc.)

Text name(s): On the Teacher (De Magistro), On the Problem of Evil (De Divinis Nominibus), On the Trinity (De Trinitate), On the Division of Nature (De Divisione Naturae), On the Existence of God (Proslogium) , Reply to Gaunilon (Liber Apologeticus contra Gaunilonem respondentem pro Insipiente), Behalf of the Fool (Liber pro Insipiente adversus Anselmi in Proslogio ratiocinationem), On Ethics (Ethica seu Scito Teipsum), The Controversy over Universals (Metalogicon), On the Origin of the Arts (Didascalion), Rules of the University of Paris, 1215 (Chartularium Universitatis Parisiensis), On Light (De Luec seu inchoatione formarum), On the Six Principles (Liber Sex Principiorum), On Supposition (Summulae Logicales), On Experimental Science (Opus Maius), On the Truth of the Catholic Faith (Summa Contra Gentiles), On Retracing the Arts to Theology (De Reductione Artium ad Theologiam), On the Errors of the Philosophers (Errores Philosophorum), On the Necessity and Contingency of Causes (De Necessitate et Contingentia Causarum), On Faith and Reason (Ordinatio), On Epistemological Problems (Ordinatio, Quodlibeta, Summa Totius Logicae, Expositio super librum Perihermeneias), Critique of Causality and Substance (Epistolae ad Bernardum I and II), The Impetus Theory of Projectile Motion (Quaestiones super octo Phisicorum libros), On the Free Fall of Bodies & On the Diurnal Rotation of the Earth (Quaestiones de Caelo et Mundo)

Number of pages of primary source text: 547


Dates: 390 - 1360

Archival Reference: 

Original Language(s): 

  • Latin


  • Translated into English.

Translation Comments: 

Geopolitical Region(s): 

  • Europe
  • Africa


Record Types: 

  • Philosophic Work
  • Disputation - Philosophical/Theological
  • Theology/Philosophy - Summa

Subject Headings: 

  • Philosophy - Platonic / Neo-Platonic
  • Philosophy - Metaphysics
  • Philosophy - Logic
  • Philosophy - Ethics / Moral Theology
  • Philosophy / Theology
  • Cosmology
  • Church Fathers
  • Art
  • Saints
  • Science / Technology
  • Science - Astronomy


  • Introduction


This anthology introduces the reader to medieval philosophy through a diverse selection of excerpts from some of the most famous thinkers, including St. Augustine, Boethius, Hugh of St. Victor, Albert the Great, Roger Bacon, St. Thomas Aquinas, St. Bonaventure, John Duns Scotus, and William Ockham. Each selection, (usually between 15 to 40 pages) is preceded by a short biographical note of the author and the entry is completed with suggested works for further reading, which are very helpful for those seeking more information. This is a good resource for students who are beginning to study medieval philosophy since the readings cover a wide variety of important topics of the time, including ethics, epistemology, logic, natural philosophy, theology, art, and science.

Introduction Summary: 

The very short (4-page) preface explains that this book is meant for both students of medieval philosophy and for members of the general public who may have little or no familiarity with the subject. All passages are primary sources, translated into English (some of these for the first time). The author justifies the chosen passages and suggestions for further readings in an effort to provide the most comprehensive and relevant array of readings, representative of the Middle Ages.

Cataloger: AKP