Online Medieval Sources Bibliography

An Annotated Bibliography of Printed and Online Primary Sources for the Middle Ages

Source Details

Studer, Paul, ed., The Oak Book of Southampton of c A D 1300 (Southampton Record Society 10, 11. See also Supplement to The Oak Book of Southampton, vol. 12)

Text name(s): Rolls of Oleron; Guild Merchant Ordinances

Number of pages of primary source text: 304


Dates: 1230 - 1300

Archival Reference: Southampton Rec. Off. Audit House

Original Language(s): 

  • Anglo-Norman
  • English - Middle English
  • Latin


  • Translated into English.
  • Original language included.

Translation Comments: 

Geopolitical Region(s): 

  • England

County/Region: Hampshire; Southampton

Record Types: 

  • Account Roll
  • Charters, Deeds
  • Custumal
  • Law - Legislation
  • Law - Local Ordinances
  • Letter
  • Taxes

Subject Headings: 

  • Clergy - Priests, Bishops, Canons
  • Diplomacy
  • Economy - Crafts and Industry
  • Economy - Trade
  • Family / Children
  • Government
  • Law - Crime
  • Law - Secular
  • Maritime
  • Towns / Cities
  • War - Military History


  • Index
  • Glossary
  • Appendix
  • Introduction


The most significant Anglo-Nomran record is the 14C copy of the maritime laws called the Rolls of Oleron, printed with translation and extensive notes on the language in vol. II. Text of vol. 1 lists towns obligated to pay toll at Southampton (pp. 4-21), ordinances of guild merchant (22-81). Appendices print material from other Audit House mss; Appendix A gives translations of guild ordinances made in 1473 and 1770 (85-115). Appendix B prints ‘modern’ guild ordinances in use from 15c-19c (116-50) and Appendix C reproduces laws of mayoraly in 1473 (151-60). Vol. II. text covers customs (in AN) charged at Southampton c. 1300 (2-17); agreement (in Anglo-Norman) with Salisbury on customs (18-27), assize of bread (28-37); dispute with Bp of Winchester (38-53); laws of Oleron (54-103), charter of Hospitallers (104-117), murage grant, dispute with justices of the county, fragment of accounts from late 14c, concord with Portsmouth (dated 1239), and Inquiry on bounds of town in 1253. Supplement contains notes on the Anglo-Norman dialect of Southampton (1-50); Glossary of AN (51-118), Index of Persons (129-34), Places (135-9), and Subject Matter (140-55). French portions of The Oak Book can be found online at the Anglo-Norman hub. For corrections on dating of Laws of Oleron used by Studer, see also D. Burwash, English Merchant Shipping 1460-1540 (Toronto, 1954), 171-6.

Introduction Summary: 

Vol. I Intro (pp. v-xliii) discusses the guild merchant. Vol. II Intro (pp. v-lxxi) discusses tolls, customs and trade at Southampton; assize of bread; rolls of Oleron (including their AN language).

Cataloger: MAK, rj