Studer, Paul, ed., The Oak Book of Southampton of c A D 1300 (Southampton Record Society 10, 11. See also Supplement to The Oak Book of Southampton, vol. 12)
Text name(s): Rolls of Oleron; Guild Merchant Ordinances
Number of pages of primary source text: 304
Dates: 1230 - 1300
Archival Reference: Southampton Rec. Off. Audit House
- English - Middle English
- Translated into English.
- Original language included.
County/Region: Hampshire; Southampton
- Account Roll
- Charters, Deeds
- Law - Legislation
- Law - Local Ordinances
- Clergy - Priests, Bishops, Canons
- Economy - Crafts and Industry
- Economy - Trade
- Family / Children
- Law - Crime
- Law - Secular
- Towns / Cities
- War - Military History
The most significant Anglo-Nomran record is the 14C copy of the maritime laws called the Rolls of Oleron, printed with translation and extensive notes on the language in vol. II. Text of vol. 1 lists towns obligated to pay toll at Southampton (pp. 4-21), ordinances of guild merchant (22-81). Appendices print material from other Audit House mss; Appendix A gives translations of guild ordinances made in 1473 and 1770 (85-115). Appendix B prints ‘modern’ guild ordinances in use from 15c-19c (116-50) and Appendix C reproduces laws of mayoraly in 1473 (151-60). Vol. II. text covers customs (in AN) charged at Southampton c. 1300 (2-17); agreement (in Anglo-Norman) with Salisbury on customs (18-27), assize of bread (28-37); dispute with Bp of Winchester (38-53); laws of Oleron (54-103), charter of Hospitallers (104-117), murage grant, dispute with justices of the county, fragment of accounts from late 14c, concord with Portsmouth (dated 1239), and Inquiry on bounds of town in 1253. Supplement contains notes on the Anglo-Norman dialect of Southampton (1-50); Glossary of AN (51-118), Index of Persons (129-34), Places (135-9), and Subject Matter (140-55). French portions of The Oak Book can be found online at the Anglo-Norman hub. For corrections on dating of Laws of Oleron used by Studer, see also D. Burwash, English Merchant Shipping 1460-1540 (Toronto, 1954), 171-6.
Vol. I Intro (pp. v-xliii) discusses the guild merchant. Vol. II Intro (pp. v-lxxi) discusses tolls, customs and trade at Southampton; assize of bread; rolls of Oleron (including their AN language).
Cataloger: MAK, rj